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Dictionary of Lumbering Terms

Choppers-Men who cut down trees.

Skidding-Hauling logs out of woods.

Teamsters-Men who drove teams.

Roll ways-Piles of logs on river bank.

"Breaking" roll ways-logs being tumbled into river.

End mark-Owners log mark.

Red Shirts-Men who worked on drives.

Lumberjacks-Men who worked in woods.


Rafts-Frame work of logs to convey supplies or carry men.

Log jam-Logs piled against some obstruction.

Log drivers-Men who worked on river.

Wannegan boat-Carried tents, blankets and supplies.

Cook-Man who prepared meals.

Cokee or taffle-Assistant Cook.

Grub pile-"Dinner is ready."

Knick knacks-Salt, pepper and mustard served at all meals.

Scaler-Man who measured logs.

Scale bill-Statement of number of logs with certain marks and numbers of feet, board measure.

Slashings-Branches and tops of trees left standing.

Sackers-Men wading in water to get logs.

Jerking-Drying venison.

Puncheon-Split timber used for flooring.


Deacon Seat-Seat of honor (a bench running along one side of the lumberjack’s bunkhouse).

Bean hole-Hole in ground to bake beans.

"Roll out"-Get up.

Run way-Space between two shanties.

Rossing logs-Peeling or stripping logs of bark.

Shake-A hand made shingle, 3 by 3 ½ or 4 feet.

Stump dodger or jumper-A two runner sled.

Swamp hooks-Hook for rolling over logs.

Spike skids-Straight timbers hewn or sawed with two rows of spikes on top.

Fid hook-Hook to keep chain from slipping.

Tow line-Rope or line with which the logs were pulled.

Skidway-Two timbers laid for piling on logs.

Hoe dag, ground plane, land plane-Grub hoe.

Goad stick-Stick with brad in end for driving oxen.

Pung-Jumper without a tongue.

Go-devil-A rude sled upon which one end of a log is carried, the other end trailing on ground.

Jimmie-Square-nosed go-devil.

Road monkey-Man who repaired roads.

Peavey-An iron pointed pole with a spud in the end.

Cant hook-Similar to a peavey except that it is not pointed.

Pike pole-a pole with a spike at the end to keep log from slipping.

Devil’s shine-hoe-adz.

"Norwegian" snow storm-shoveling snow.

Silver cat-Two trees rubbing together.

Jobbers sun-Moon.

Sculduggery-Mean, contemptible actions.



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